How To Can Fruits and Vegetables and What You Will Need
There really is no trick to canning. There is a method. It is fairly easy to do. Just follow the rules and have the right materials on hand. Read how to can fruits and vegetables and what you will need for the basics.
What is Canning?
Fruits and vegetables are packed into tempered glass that withstand high temperatures. They are fitted with special, self-sealing lids and then heated to 240 degrees to kill any dangerous organisms to be stored to eat at a later date.
It is important to use the right equipment for canning. Here is a listing of what you will need.
Canning Jars: Tempered glass jars that can withstand high temps. Mayonnaise jars should never be used for home canning. They do not seal properly. If you are using hand me down jars check the jar rims for nicks and cracks.
Canning Lids and Ring Bands: Canning lids have a seal and can only be used once. Both the lids and bands re sometimes included if you purchase your jars and sometimes they are not. The ring bands can be used over and over again. Just check for rusted or bend rings before proceeding if re-using them. If you have bend or rusted rings they will not tighten to the jars properly.
Canning Kettle and Cover:Very important to can tomatoes, fruits, juices, and pickles. Chose a kettle with this is mind. You will have to have a deep enough kettle to allow one inch of water to flow over the top of your jars.
A Steam Pressure Canner: You will need a steam pressure canner for meat,fish,poultry and veggies. Make sure that yours has a safety value,petcock vent and pressure gauge that goes to 10 pounds.
Wire Basket: Used to place inside of kettle to blanch fruits and veggies to loosen skins for peeling before canning. You can place the items inside the basket and lift the basket out with easy.
Food Mill: Not always something you have to have. It speeds up the grinding of foods.
Food Chopper: Again, something nice to have on hand. I like it for making spaghetti sauce.
Canning Funnel: I like the wide mouth can funnels. It is something that eases the process and many home canners will agree, it’s one tool not to be left without.
Hand Held Wire Strainer: Placing over the funnel to remove seeds or skins if you wish.
Jar Lifter: For pulling out and handling of hot jars. Yes, you need one!
Thermometer: Mercury type thermometer to check temps. Very important!
Timer: To remember the length of your cooking times. Helps when I move on to something else and I am waiting.
That is all the materials that are needed to get started. You don’t have to purchase everything at one time. If you have a friend or relative that cans, maybe you could share materials. If not, chose where you would like to start your canning adventures and go from there.