Bloodroot

Bloodroot is one of the earliest woodland wildflowers to bloom depending on the tree overgrowth above. The pure white flowers grow 8-20 inches in height with a creamy yellow center. The flowers remain open during the warmth of the day and close at night.

Bloodroot

Bloodroot wildflowers have 8–12 delicate white petals, many yellow stamens, and two sepals below the petals, which fall off after the flowers open.

The stamens are the male reproductive parts, the pistils are the female reproductive parts.

This early bloomer produces pollen for the early arriving insects like flies and bees. 


General Information

Genus:Sanguinaria canadensis
Family:Poppy
Life Cycle:Perennial
Origin:Native to the lower 48 states and Canada
Habitat:Deciduous forests and woodlands with decaying plant matter. Along river banks.
Bloom Season:March, April & May in Wisconsin (For about 2 weeks)
Plant Height:8 to 20 inches
Other Names:Bloodwort, Indian paint, puccoon, and red puccoon

Parts of the Plant

Almost before the snow has left, the flower stalk bearing a little bud, closely wrapped in a delicate silvery leaflet, forces its way up through the earth and dead leaves. The leaf unfurls and the flower stalk grows rapidly, forcing the bud up out of its protection; it now opens.

The two sheathing sepals falling off, exposing to our view an exquisitely pure, white, delicate blossom; the eight petals are partially closed on dull days, but in sunshine spread wide open, one and one-half inches in diameter, exposing the golden center made up of the numerous, yellow-tipped stamens. The flowers are very delicate; the petals stay but two or three days anyway, and a breath of wind may blow them off sooner.

After the flower is gone, the leaf develops rapidly and becomes very large and imposing, with many divisions and lobes. The root is reddish and is filled with a ‘blood-like juice, as is also the stem. This is now used in medicines and was formerly used by Indians for coloring purposes.


Pictures of Bloodroot

Bloodroot is a popular red natural dye used by Native American artists, especially among southeastern rivercane basketmakers. The root of the plant is dug up and cut open to reveal a red latex from its underground stem and roots. 


Planting

Perfect flowering addition to any wildflower garden. The flower’s scent and pollen attract early pollinators like the Mason bee and Carpenter bees.

USDA Zone:3-8
Sun Exposure:Partial, Shade
Soil Moisture:Medium-wet to Medium dry
Height:8-20″
Attracts Bees, flies, and ants
Bloom Color:White
Plant Spacing:6-10″

You can plant bloodroot from seed or divide bloodroot plants in spring or fall by digging up a few rhizomes. To plant the rhizome dig a hole 1″ down in rich soil and place them horizontally 1 inch or more apart. Cover with soil.

Light: Light shade to partial sun.

Soil: Choose a location where the soil will be moist throughout the season.


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